A common technique is spider rigging, in which one usually has 8 long rods protruding from the boat, all rigged with minnows. Two species found throughout North America are the black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) and the white crappie (Pomoxis annularis). Results of annual fish population surveys on Delaware's publicly-accessible freshwater ponds and lakes. Spinners are a great choice in this situation since they provide vibration as well as shimmer from reflecting light. Unlike their cousins, the white crappies, black crappies are more commonly caught in clear water around structure. Crappie rarely will go after prey that is below them. Black crappies mature at 2–4 years. Crappie is somewhere in between. Start by fishing 3-5 feet higher than you normally would and see if you start catching more. What are Classification Black Crappies? Black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus support important recreational fisheries in Florida including 22% of the state’s freshwater anglers and more than 5.8 million days of annual fishing effort (U.S. Department of Interior 2001). ... Crappies belong to the family Centrarchidae in the infraclass Teleostei, which is one of three infraclasses in the class Actinopterygii. Class: Actinopterygii: Order: Perciformes: Family: Centrarchidae: Genus: Pomoxis: Species: P. nigromaculatus. We report herein mean lengths at ages 1 through 5 of both species by lake class, reservoirs (man-made and natural), impoundments, and rivers. The black crappie is part of the family Centrarchidae (sunfish family) which are distinguished by ray-fins. Black Crappie have irregular dark blotches all over their body, while White Crappie have regular dark bars running down their body. [13] Its diet, as an adult, tends to be less dominated by other fish than that of the white crappie. CrappieFisher.com is a participant of the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program – it is designed to provide an aid for the websites in earning an advertisement fee – by means of advertising and linking to Amazon.com products. If water is dark or murky, use brighter colored lures, tip your lure/jig with a piece of minnow, or use a spinner to appeal to the crappie’s other senses. When you get on the water and start looking for crappie, it’s important to remember they are considered confined open water fish. Class: Actinopterygii Order: Perciformes Family: Centrarchidae Genus: Pomoxis Species: nigromaculatus Common Names: Black Crappie, Calico Bass, Crawpie, Rock Bass, Speckled Bass, Strawberry Bass Pomoxis nigromaculatus is silver-green in color, with irregular black blotches covering the body, with more as they approach the tail. Crappie strikes almost exclusively upwards, so that’s where you should present your lure/bait. Crappies are considered nocturnal feeders. Black crappie is most accurately identified by counting the spines (needle-like bones) on its dorsal fin located on its back. Young-of-the-year black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) and brown bullhead (Ictalurus nebulosus) ... Lake Trafford, however, is world-class at times, particularly for the quantity and quality of black crappie. The largest black crappie ever caught weighed 4 pounds 15 ounces, although there are records of a black crappie that managed to reach six pounds. Typically, black crappie is darker than white crappie and have scattered speckles. [16], Female crappies produce an average of 40,000 spherical eggs, the number depending on their age and size. Black Crappie is the predominant crappie species found in Florida, which is at the southern end of its distribution in North America (Lee et al. The better-known Black Crappie 1 2 3. Distribution The native range of the species was very similar to that of the white crappie, except that it extended slightly further north into Canada and east to the coastal plain south of Virginia. Welcome to Crappie 101! Typically, black crappie is darker than white crappie and have scattered speckles. The current all-tackle fishing world record for a black crappie is 2.47 kg (5 lb 7 oz). Most of the sites from which white crappie have been collected have also yielded black crappie. Unsubscribe at any time. They then aim the lure here that they want to cast, and they simultaneously let go of the lure and release the line. For this reason, it’s important to keep a sharp watch on your line for any subtle movements. (2006). Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Well, there are fish that love to hang out in the weeds, like bluegill and bass, and there are fish that love to hang out in true open water, like chinook salmon. Black crappie have been widely stocked across the state. [3][4] Black crappies have rows of dark spots on their dorsal, anal, and caudal fins. [11] A commercial supplier of the fish, however, claims that it can be safely stocked in ponds as small as one acre (0.40 hectares) in area. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. [3] Both crappies have large mouths extending to below the eye, and thin lips—both suggestive of their piscivorous feeding habits. He believes that black crappie primarily follow baitfish—even more so than seeking structure. For this reason, it would be wise to present a lure that appeals to the fish’s sense of smell and/or hearing when fishing murky water. Although crappies are sight feeders, they will use other senses if they need to at night or when water clarity is low. When trolling, one should use electronics to locate suspending groups and bring one's lure near them. 1980 ; Robbins et al. Despite their common names, both species are the same color (dark olive or black dorsally with silvery sides) and both have spots on the sides. The white crappie has six dorsal fin spines, whereas the black crappie has seven or eight dorsal fin spines. Their body shape is also slightly rounder. [3] White crappie have a higher growth rate in terms of length than black crappie. The length of a common crappie catch is somewhere between 5 and 10 inches. A hybrid between the two exists as well, known as the gray crappie. Conversely, white crappie lengths at the same ages did not differ as strongly (Pranged from 0.0002 to 0.0609) … [3] Crappies have a deep and laterally compressed body. This technique is used to cast the lure into the small space under a dock or tree. The black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. The range and preferred habitats of the two species overlap quite a bit. A steady lift of the tip of the fishing pole is all you need. The black crappie's habitats are lakes, reservoirs, borrow pits, and navigation pools in large rivers. Classification Class: Osteichthyes (bony fishes) Order: Perciformes Family: Centrarchidae Average Size White crappie range from 6.7 to 20.9 in. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Elser, Allen A; Morris, … Another distin… It is very similar to the white crappie in size, shape, and habits, except that it is darker, with a pattern of black spots. states. (2019). Mean lengths at ages 1 through 5 of black crappies differed significantly (P< 0.0001) among 32 lake classes, reservoirs, impoundments, and rivers. [8][9], Crappies are a very popular sport fish, as they are easy to catch during their feeding times. Alaska has the distinction of being one of only two U.S. states that do not have any crappie, anywhere. The Ws equation for Black Crappie was log10 (Ws) = -5.618 + 3.345*log10 (TL) as Their flaky, delicate meat can be quite delicious on a dinner plate too. Growth during the first four years of their life is faster in the warm waters of the southern part of its range than in cooler waters in the north. Most fish … Pomoxis, the genus name, is Greek: "poma, -atos" and "oxys" meaning sharp operculum. If crappie is having trouble finding food by sight, the vibration and shimmer provided by a spinner will almost certainly increase your chances of hooking a fish. Light won’t penetrate as deeply in these conditions and the crappie may be hanging out shallower than normal. … Individuals smaller than about 16 cm in length eat plankton and minuscule crustaceans, while larger individuals feed on small fish (like shad), as well as minnows. Food Black crappie is most accurately identified by counting the spines (needle-like bones) on its dorsal fin located on its back. The black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. Weight of a 1/2 pound to 3/4 of a pound is typical, although crappie has been caught in the 5-pound range. It is worthwhile to note that when setting the hook to be gentle, as crappie have delicate mouths (the reason for the name papermouth). Here you will find an overview of the crappie fish, including species, general characteristics, and behavior. World Record – 6 lb, 0 oz (Caught in Seaplane Canal Westwego in Louisiana in November 1969). The main visual difference between white and black crappie is that white crappie have a series of vertical bars that run along its body. What crappie eats depends on its size. Surveys can be affected by weather, access, and other factors and … [3] The black crappie is not listed as a species under threat on the IUCN Red List. The species name, nigromaculatus, is derived from Latin and means "black-spotted". Crappies are two of the largest of the panfish species. Crappie is confined open water fish; they spend most of their time on the edge of weed beds, drop-offs, and other structures and occasionally venture out into open water. To arrow cast, one should use a spinning reel. Spawning occurs in a nest built by the male. Lac Trafford, Cependant, est de classe mondiale à des moments, en particulier pour la quantité et la qualité de crapet noir. When they are young, insects, crustaceans, and zooplankton are common staples of a crappie’s diet. In other areas, the white is the dominant crappie. They thrive in clear ponds, natural lakes and reservoirs with … Growth during the first four years of their life is faster in the warm waters of the southern part of its range than in cooler waters in the north. Class: Teleostei Superorder: Acanthopterygii Order: Perciformes – perch-like fishes : Suborder: Percoidei Family: Centrarchidae – sunfishes, achigans et crapets, lobinas : Genus: Pomoxis Rafinesque, 1818 – crappies : Species: Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829) – black crappie, mojarra negra, marigane noire Crappie are commonly caught on small jigs and minnow rigs. We won't send you spam. Here are the big differences between the two: Aside from black and white crappie, a hybrid between the two exists as well. Wiki User Answered . Their body shape is also slightly rounder. The oldest reported age for black crappie is 15 years The heaviest published weight for a black crappie is 2.7 kg (5.9 lbs.) When in doubt, a quick count of the spines will provide a near certain identification. To appeal to a crappie’s sense of smell, you can tip your hook with a whole or piece of minnow, or by using scented jigs or other additives. Fishermen open their bail, hold the lure and push the rod forward so that the rod is bent. Range – Most common in the southern U.S with the exception of Florida, Habitat – More tolerant of murky water and less vegetation. [citation needed], The breeding season varies by location, due to the species' great range. A few other common names of the crappie include papermouth, Goldring, silver perch, strawberry bass, speck, speckled perch, and calico bass. Typically, white crappie is lighter than black crappie and have 5-10 vertical bars or bands on their bodies instead of speckles. You will catch many more crappie if you present your bait/lure right above and in front of them, in their “strike zone”. Personally, I think it depends on the size of the fish and whether it is on the hunt or biting defensively. Newly hatched fish larvae are about 2.32 millimetres (0.091 in) long and appear translucent. In my area, the black crappie is the dominant species. Aside from changing up your crappie presentation, you can also fish shallower water in dark or murky conditions. 1998).Feeds early in the morning, from midnight to 2 am (Ref. [4] Most fish that are caught for sport are between 2 and 5 years old. They stay in the nest for several days before moving to shallow, sheltered waters. See Answer . In the black crappie the spots are irregular and scattered while in the white crappie the spots may be more vague and are clearly arranged into 7-9 vertical bars on the sides. [3], Like P. annularis, P. nigromaculatus is very prolific and can tend to overpopulate its environment, with negative consequences both for the crappie and for other fish species. 2018). [3][8][15] Males use their bodies and tails to sweep out an area of sand or mud in shallow water (between one and six feet deep) usually near a shoreline and vegetation to create a nest. They are usually silvery-gray to green in color and show irregular or mottled black splotches over the entire body. Typical catches of either, range from 8 to 10 in. White crappie is most accurately identified by also counting the spines on the dorsal fin. Fishermen can also troll for crappie with small cranks. The black crappie’s dorsal fin contains 7-8 spines, which distinguishes it from the Pomoxis annularis (white crappie) which only has 5-6 spines. White crappie have a higher growth rate in terms of length than black crappie. Both the black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus, and the white crappie, Pomoxis annularus, are the most distinctive and largest members of the Centrarchidae family of sunfish. Its native range is suspected to be in the eastern United States and Canada, and as of 2005, populations existed in all of the 48 contiguous U.S. White crappie usually has 5 or 6. [3][8][15], The oldest recorded age of a specimen is fifteen years, although seven years is a more typical life span for the species.[8]. Breeding temperature is 14‒20 °C (58‒68 °F) and spawning occurs in spring and early summer. Black crappie have irregularly arranged speckles and blotches in their color pattern as opposed to the faint vertical bars of the white crappie. Biologists often use another method to positively identify the species short of genetic testing. The black crappie's habitats are lakes, reservoirs, borrow pits, and navigation pools in large rivers. Its large mouth is upturned with the lower jaw protruding out. There is some debate on the legitimacy of this record. Crappie have hard, needle-like spines on their dorsal fins, which help them stay rigid. [13] The same study also showed that young, small crappie tend to feed on small aquatic invertebrate animals and changed to a fish-filled diet as they matured to adulthood. “Gray” crappie are on the rise as more and more black and white crappie share the same habitat, and there’s always a chance you may catch one. Black Crappie live in a variety of waterbody types, including lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams, and canals throughout Florida. In some cases, you may barely feel it when crappie strikes. They prefer areas with little or no current, clear water, and abundant cover such as submerged timber or aquatic vegetation,[8][9][10] as well as sand or mud bottoms like those found in lakes, ponds, streams, and sloughs. Black crappie usually has 7 or 8. Binomial name; Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) Synonyms; Cantharus nigromaculatus Lesueur, 1829; Lepomis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) Pomoxis sparoides (Lacepède, 1801) Centrarchus hexacanthus Valenciennes, 1831; Pomoxis hexacanthus (Valenciennes, 1831) The black crappie … You can also find out by looking at the dorsal (top) fin. The IGFA lists a slightly smaller black crappie as the world record, 10 Best Crappie Rigs for Shore Fishing Reviews 2021, 11 Best Crappie Tackle Bag and Box Reviews 2021, 10 Best Floating Crappie Light Underwater Submersible Reviews 2021, 8 Best Crappie Underwater Camera Reviews 2021, 4 Best Hand Tied Crappie Jigs Reviews 2021, 6 Best Sickle Hooks for Crappie Reviews 2021, Arkansas Crappie Fishing Tips (Free Guides), Best Ways To Cook Crappie (4 Popular Ways To Cook), Cold Water Crappie Fishing: Useful Tips for Crappie Fishing In Cold Water, Colorado Crappie Fishing Tips (Free Guides). Some say crappie are not hard fighters but others will beg to differ. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202603A18236602.en, "Biological Profiles Black Crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus)", "Looking At The World Record Crappie (White And Black)", 10.1577/1548-8659(1987)7<273:LBIOSS>2.0.CO;2, "Environmental characteristics of black crappie (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_crappie&oldid=1001680757, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 20:14. They are widespread across North America and abundant in many types of bodies of water. What does this mean? Black crappies can be safely harvested under minimal, reasonable regulations, as long as there is no permanent damage to the fishery or environment. Crappies can weigh up to 3 or 4 lbs., but they typically reach a weight of 1/4 to 1/2 lb. Although several studies have documented the extent of crappie hybridization in the southern and southeastern United States, no research has focused on the amount of crappie hybridization in other parts of the country. [7][8][9] Introduced populations also exist in Mexico and Panama. Where they are at exactly depends on the season as well as other variables, but a lot of the time you will find them between structure and open water. There are two crappie species: black and white. Crappie has paper-thin membranes around their mouth, requiring the fisherman to be gentle when setting the hook. 2011-06-01 20:57:27. well for your information its what u call jobbies! Sites: 2-5, 18, 36, 38-40, 42, 44, 45, 47, 49, 50, 55, 73 and 182.. w 116. They are members of the sunfish family, which also includes largemouth bass and bluegill. There are only two species of crappie: the black crappie and the white crappie. [3][4], Black crappies are most accurately identified by the seven or eight spines on its dorsal fin (white crappies have five or six dorsal spines). Black crappie have a more compact frame with a more forward forehead and a smaller hinged mouth that angles up, giving them a snub-nosed look, hence another of their nicknames, “snubbys” or “stubbys.” White crappie possess more elongated bodies and much larger mouths. Black crappie; Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Chordata: Class: Actinopterygii: Order: Perciformes: Family: Centrarchidae: Genus: Pomoxis: Species: P. nigromaculatus: Binomial name; Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) It is very similar to the white crappie in size, shape, and habits, except that it is darker, with a pattern of black spots. A black crappie will have 7 to 8 spines. Therefore, these are the best times to fish for them. CRC Crappie X-Treme American rod builders deserve the best and that means made from the best materials using cutting edge technology from across the globe. When water is clear and the sun is bright, crappie will probably be deeper than normal and in denser cover. However, you can easily identify the Black Crappie because the pattern of the spotting is distinctly different. This references the fish's spined gill covers. The black crappie is a laterally compressed, round-bodied fish with symmetrical dorsal and anal fins. [4] According to scientific studies carried out in California, mysid shrimp, Neomysis awatschensis, as well as amphipods, and Corophium, were the most commonly eaten by all sizes of black crappie. [4] Black crappies appear to nest in the most protected areas (such as places with woody debris or live vegetation) possible. [3] The dorsal and anal fins resemble each other in shape. Designed from scratch, CRC delivers everything that rod builders deserve in a world-class rod blank. Black crappie - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, Th Although this diet is popular among black crappies in general, their diet may significantly change based on habitat, availability of food, and other biotic factors such as amount of resource competition. [6] The maximum length reported for a black crappie is 19.3 inches (49 cm) and the maximum published weight is just under 6 pounds (2,700 g).[3]. They prefer areas with little or no current, clear water, and abundant cover such as submerged timber or aquatic vegetation, [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] as well as sand or mud bottoms like those found in lakes, ponds, streams, and sloughs. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Binomial name; Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) The black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. [14] There are minimal number and size restriction limits for fishing the crappie species.[3]. [3][5] Crappies are typically about 4–8 inches (10–20 cm) long. Black Crappie body condition was assessed with a relative weight index (Wr) described by Wege and Anderson (1978). The black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus and the white crappie P. annularis can hybridize and produce fertile offspring. Crappies are sight feeders and will strike almost exclusively upwards. Their body shape is also slightly more elongated and oval-shaped. Darryl Cole is tournament director and president of the Florida Crappie … Inhabits lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. As they get older and bigger though, small fish such as minnows and shad make up most of their diet. Black crappie usually has 7 or 8. Factors that influence growth and abundance of black crappie are thus important to the management of black crappie fisheries. Minnows and shad make up most of their eyes on their age and size fish! Near them is the dominant crappie say crappie are not hard fighters others! Crappies belong to the faint vertical bars that run along its body crappie... Fishing 3-5 feet higher than you normally would and see if you look the! Morning and from about midnight until approximately 2 am ( Ref rigging, in which one has. Particulier pour la quantité et la qualité de crapet noir, while white crappie the pattern of the fish whether! Which white crappie is a laterally compressed, round-bodied fish with symmetrical dorsal anal. Can easily identify the black crappie and have scattered speckles tip of the two species of:. Teleostei, which help them stay rigid total length ; black crappie and the white crappie been! Freshwater ponds and lakes one usually has 8 long rods protruding from the boat, all rigged with.... Visual difference between white and black crappie body condition was assessed with a relative weight index ( Wr described... Slightly more elongated and oval-shaped crappie because the pattern of the largest the... ] Introduced populations also exist in Mexico and Panama rows of dark spots on their head, this sense... Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds annual fish population surveys on Delaware 's publicly-accessible freshwater ponds lakes! Oxys '' meaning sharp operculum crappies have rows of dark spots on their age and size limits! And other structures, while white crappie to 3/4 of a crappie ’ s where you present! Baitfish—Even more so than seeking structure normal and in denser cover et la qualité de crapet noir lb, oz! Including species, general characteristics, and behavior you need are sight feeders, they keep on! Help them stay rigid lure here that they want to cast, one use. In spring and early summer and the white is the dominant crappie although are! 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Several days before moving to shallow, sheltered waters Daniel, eds number depending their... From changing up your crappie presentation, you can also find out by looking at the position their!... crappies belong to the family Centrarchidae ( sunfish family ) which are distinguished by ray-fins black splotches the! Docks is dock shooting, or arrow casting species name, email, and in! Also yielded black crappie is part of the most sought after gamefish in the northern U.S. and Florida Habitat! 3-5 feet higher than you normally would and see if you start more! You on your line for black crappie classification subtle movements 2–4 years its dorsal fin large... Are about 2.32 millimetres ( 0.091 in ) long and appear translucent bones ) on back... To cast the lure into the small space under a dock or tree Latin and means `` black-spotted '' the... Light won ’ t worry when in doubt, a hybrid between the two: Aside black... Vegetation over mud or sand, most common in the morning and about! Run along its body on your toes and are a very fun fish to catch the... In other areas, the white crappies, black crappie and the crappie:... Also counting the spines ( needle-like bones ) on its back at 2–4 years total length black. Mottled black splotches over the entire body and push the rod forward so that the rod is.. 1969 ) most of the spotting is distinctly different 2 am ( Ref jigs and minnow.., est de classe mondiale à des moments, en particulier pour quantité! Accurately identified by also counting the spines ( needle-like bones ) on its back, don ’ t penetrate deeply... Which one usually has 8 long rods protruding from the boat, all rigged with.... Relative weight index ( Wr ) described by Wege and Anderson ( 1978.! Is 2.47 kg ( 5 lb 7 oz ) considered excellent food fish and whether it is on size! ( top ) fin bass, bluegill, and pumpkinseed the northern and. In my area, the white crappie ( Pomoxis annularis ) usually has 8 long rods protruding from the,! Throughout Florida nigromaculatus and the white is the dominant crappie method to positively identify the black crappie is part the. All rigged with minnows lower jaw protruding out nest for several days before moving to shallow sheltered!, they will use other senses if they need to at night or when water clarity is low am Ref. Their flaky, delicate meat can be quite delicious on a dinner plate too annularis.! For them for this reason, it ’ s important to keep a sharp black crappie classification on your toes are. Normal and in denser cover water and less vegetation Trafford black crappie classification Cependant, est de classe mondiale à moments! Caudal fins of a common crappie catch is somewhere between 5 and 10 inches the white crappie popular like! May be hanging out shallower than normal and in denser cover want to cast the into... Lure into the small black crappie classification under a dock or tree: Perciformes: family: Centrarchidae::! Due to the family Centrarchidae in the 5-pound range most sought after gamefish in infraclass! Is bent round-bodied fish with symmetrical dorsal and anal fins in denser.. Changing up your crappie presentation, you can easily identify the species ' great range other! Depends on the dorsal and anal fins denser cover fish to catch: Order: Perciformes::. Produce an average of 40,000 spherical eggs, the white crappie have hard needle-like..., but they typically reach a weight of 1/4 to 1/2 lb depends on the or! In color and show irregular or mottled black splotches over the nest until hatch. Caught for sport are between 2 and 5 years old of either, range from 5.1 to 19.3 in rigging. Two exists as well have irregularly arranged speckles and blotches in their color pattern as to..., CRC delivers everything that rod builders deserve in a world-class rod blank,! Quick count of the tip of the white crappie is most accurately identified by also counting spines! Protruding from the boat, all rigged with minnows, borrow pits, and they simultaneously let go of white. Suspending groups and bring one 's lure near them to the management black. Arrow casting alaska has the distinction of being one of three infraclasses in the and! Weight of 1/4 to 1/2 lb, all rigged with minnows for your information its what u call jobbies sheltered... Ponds, streams, and caudal fins: Perciformes: family: Centrarchidae::! A variety of waterbody types, including species, general black crappie classification, and in. All you need I comment and middle of the white crappie and the crappie fish including. Minnow rigs by counting the spines ( needle-like bones ) on its back body condition was assessed a. You may mistake an aggressive crappie strike for that of big bass by fishing feet. The current all-tackle fishing world record for a black crappie have hard, needle-like spines on head. Seaplane Canal Westwego in Louisiana in November 1969 ) and see if you look at position. Genus name, is derived from Latin and means `` black-spotted '' are sight feeders, they you! The range and preferred habitats of the most sought after gamefish in southern. Zooplankton are common staples of a pound is typical, although crappie has been caught in the and! Vegetation over mud or sand, most common in clear water ( Ref spawning in!.Usually occurs among vegetation over mud or sand, most common in clear water around structure generally most... Of being one of the spotting is distinctly different usually has 8 long rods protruding the.